The main idea behind genetics is the analysis of DNA, the essential genetic material. However, it is of uttermost importance for our students to know the characteristics of the cells from which the genetic material is isolated. Considering that bacteria are the ideal experimental model they are very often used in these studies. With this in mind the Microbiology Research Laboratory was established at our department. In this lab, students of all study cycles could undertake their research activities in: microbiology, cell biology, immunology and related fields.
The laboratory is equipped with binocular microscopes for the analysis of different prokaryotic and eukaryotic material. Furthermore, this laboratory possesses all the necessary equipment for microbiological examinations including: everything needed for preparing media, inoculating and incubating bacteria, testing their susceptibility towards antibiotics and natural substances and subsequently sterilizing them. In microbiology often today one can hear that we are found in the postantibiotic era due to the misuse of antibiotics. Soon we might be faced with extremely resistant bacteria that no known antibiotic can destroy. With this in mind within our research group microbial genetics we are working on many different projects with our students.
It is important to emphasize that this is also the first laboratory in Bosnia and Herzegovina that is working on bacterial quorum sensing and quorum quenching as well as identifying the signaling molecules that contribute to these processes.
Projects that are performed in this lab include:
• The study of antibiotic effect on biofilm formation in bacteria
• The study of the effect of environmental conditions on biofilm formation in bacteria
• The study of heavy metal effect on biofilm formation in bacteria
• Antibacterial properties of garlic (Allium sativum)
• Antimicrobial resistance of clinical isolates.